Rawhide's are made of dried cow or pig hides and processed into a variety of shapes and sizes. Some rawhide's also come with garlic, beef, or cheese flavors to increase your dogs interest. A proper rawhide should have some flexibility and should be made in North America to reduce the amounts of added chemicals. When selecting a chew, use caution. To turn white, some rawhide's have been bleached with titanium oxide or washed in formaldehyde.
Rawhide's are good for the dog's teeth and gums, a great source to relieve boredom, and satisfy a dog's natural need to chew. When selecting a chew, it is a good idea to select a size that appears to be slightly too big for your dog. This will help prevent your dog from finishing the chew too soon and possibly choking. Anytime your dog chews a rawhide small enough to fit in his mouth, the chew needs to be thrown out. If your dog enjoys these chews and you notice small pieces of rawhide hanging off the chew, cut them off with scissors to prevent the dog from ingesting them. Always supervise your dog with any type of rawhide.
1. Dogs love the flavor and scent of rawhide's.
2. Compressed rawhide lasts longer and is more durable than shredded rawhide.
1. Not ideal for aggressive chewers. Large pieces can be swallowed or consumed quickly. This can cause an intestinal blockage.
2. Compressed rawhide's can cause damage to teeth.
3. Chemical preservatives found in inferior rawhide may be dangerous to a dog's health.
4. Rawhide's with flavor can stain carpet and furniture. This can possibly encourage the dog to chew carpet and furniture.
Natural bones with tissue have been roasted, smoked, or basted with marrow and meat attached. These bones are bovine femur bones that have been cut into knuckle size. When choosing the proper size bone, it is a good idea to go larger. To prevent possible choking, never choose a bone that can fit into the dogs mouth.
-Unlike the sterilized bones, bones with tissue have an aroma dogs love.
-A good alternative to rawhide.
-These bones are not good for aggressive chewers. They may chew off and swallow pieces of bone that can cause digestive problems and broken teeth.
-If grease and/or meat get onto carpet or fabric furniture, the dog may go back and chew the carpet and furniture at a later time.
Sterilized bones are found in most pet stores. They are large cow bones with a hollow center that can have food mixed in for added flavor. These bones have been cooked to remove tissue and marrow.
A sterile bone is a good chew bone that will keep your dog busy and help decrease boredom. because of it's hallow center, you can fill the bone with can food, peanut butter, or any other treat your dog may like.
-Sterile bones are a great alternative to rawhide bones (rawhide can be consumed quickly).
-Sterile bones are easy to clean.
-Sterile bones are not meant for aggressive chewers. If they chew the actual bone it may result in broken teeth and/or ingesting bone splinters.
-If filled with greasy treats, the grease can get onto furniture or carpet, and the dog may go back and chew them at a later time.
-If the bone is dropped on hard surface, it may crack and need to be thrown out.
-Unless the bone is stuffed with flavor, the dog may not show any interest since the natural flavors of the bone have been removed during the cooking process.
A common question I am asked by clients is "what kind of toys and bones should I buy for my dog?". There is a wide variety of toys to choose from these days. Of course, when choosing the right toy for your dog, many factors need to be considered. This includes your dogs size, if he is or is not an aggressive chewer, as well as the type of toys he typically shows interest in, It is important for you as a dog owner to be educated in providing an appropriate chew toy for your dog because chewing is natural in dogs. Toys are grouped into 2 categories: chew toys and play toys.
Providing appropriate chew toys gives your dog constant mental stimulation, allows them to burn energy, and satisfy their chewing instinct. Just like we get lost in a good book or movie, dogs can get lost with a good chew. Anytime your dog is working on a chew toy, it is important to supervise the dog.
1. Positive Reinforcement of Alternate Behaviors
2. Managing and setting the dog up to succeed
3. Consequences for the problem behaviors
4. Consistency in Dealing with Problem Behaviors
With these four components you have a treatment plan. In order to eliminate unwanted behaviors, all four components needs to be addressed.
Positive Reinforcement of Alternate Behaviors
Managing and setting the dog up to succeed
Consequences for the problem behaviors
Consistency in Dealing with Problem Behaviors
So how do we stop the jumping? Make sure NO ONE gives your dog attention for jumping. Most people like to hold a jumping dog down or pet the dog thinking it will calm the dog. The dog will take any kind of physical contact as a reward, along with eye contact and spoken words which will make the behavior stronger. Turn your back, look at the ceiling till all four paws are on the floor, then give lots of praise and attention.
If you do not like your dog’s behavior, change it for an alternative behavior. A good replacement for jumping is sitting. Ask your dog to sit, then lower yourself to the dog’s level for its praise and reward. Your dog will learn there is no need to jump for your attention. He simply needs to sit.
To teach sit, first have your dog in a standing position. Hold the treat between your thumb and index finger keeping your hand open with palm facing up. Hold the treat in front of your dog’s nose. Slowly lift the treat above your dog’s head so your dog starts to look up. This should cause your dog to sit. Once the dog is in a full sit position say “Good” then “OK” to release. Another way is to capture the behavior at home. Always keep treats available. When you see your dog sit, reward and give praise. This will give the dog the idea that he or she is training you. When he or she sits, you give treats. There are different ways to use the capture technique. Use a room that will be boring to your dog, this will be a room like a bathroom or a laundry room. Take a chair with you (this could take some time in the beginning) and just wait. The dog will get bored and eventually sit. When that happens say “Good” and give reward. DO NOT USE THE WORD “SIT” UNLESS YOU ARE 100% POSSITIVE YOUR DOG WILL SIT. Repeating “sit sit sit” over again can make the word meaningless to the dog. Reward the dog first for its sits, and the dog will learn that sitting gets him a reward. The behavior then will increase. When this happens, you can start to apply the cue to the behavior.
The key to training is patients and timing. Be aware of what you are rewarding. Food, treats, touch, speaking and eye contact are all rewards to your dog. Reward all wanted behaviors and do not reward unwanted behaviors.
The Duties of a Leader
1. Eat First.
2 Go through doorways first.
3. Stay calm and in control.
4. Set the pace and the direction.
5. Do not let their personal space be invaded.
6. Say when play begins and when it ends.
7. Do not offer free treats.
8. Assume the higher ground (beds, couches, etc.)
9. Never change their direction or step over the dog.
10. Assign resting spots for other pack members.
By implementing these leadership exercises consistently on a daily basis, you will see a positive change in your dogs behavior.
Possible causes for a dog to make mistakes more than 10% of the time:
2. More practice may be needed. It is possible the dog has not had enough shaping or being guided correctly into the behavior with a food lure.
3. It is possible the dog is not motivated enough to respond. This usually happens when the dog gets what he wants for free outside of training.
4. Your signals may be unclear to the dog
5. Check your surroundings, there could be too many distractions too soon for the dog.
Owner and trainer for Furry Tail Dog Training.